Applied Anatomy & Physiology

Snook, A. (2023) ‘Exam focus: consolidating knowledge of the cardiovascular system’, PE Review, 18 (2), pp.18-21. Anna Snook breaks down the pathway of the cardiovascular system. Look out for the exam-style questions in this article.

(2023) ‘Measurements of energy expenditure’, PE Review, 18 (2), pp.16-17. Indirect calorimetry; VO2 max; lactate sampling; respiratory exchange ratio. This revision guide supports your study of measurements of energy expenditure.

(2022) ‘The redistribution of blood flow during exercise’, PE Review, 18 (1), pp.16-17.
The distribution of blood flow is different at rest compared to during exercise. During exercise, the skeletal muscles require more oxygen, so more blood needs to be redirected to them in order to meet this increase in oxygen demand. The redirecting of blood flow to the areas where it is most needed is known as the vascular shunt mechanism.

(2021) ‘Respiratory exchange’, PE Review, 16 (3), p.32.
The respiratory exchange ratio (RER) is the ratio of carbon dioxide released compared to oxygen consumed. Calculating RER can identify energy expenditure and will highlight whether a performer is working aerobically or anaerobically. This article links to your unit on Applied Anatomy and Physiology.

Morton, A. (2021) ‘Exam focus: altitude effects’, PE Review, 16 (3), pp.18-21.
The environment in which an athlete performs can present significant physiological challenges. Adam Morton outlines how altitude can affect performance. Look out for the exam-style practice questions in this article. This article links to your unit on Applied Anatomy and Physiology and supports your study of the physiological effects of altitude, and altitude training as a method of preparing for performance.

Murray, M. (2021) ‘The autonomic nervious system’, PE Review, 16 (3), pp.5-7.
How does the autonomic nervous system respond to exercise? This article links to your unit on Applied Anatomy and Physiology and supports your study of regulation of heart rate and control of breathing.

(2020) ‘Exam focus: the aerobic system and the energy continuum’, PE Review, 16 (1), pp.16-17.
Revision notes to accompany the ‘Exam focus’ on pages 5-9.

Murray, M. (2020) ‘Exam focus: aerobic energy sytstems’, PE Review, 16 (1), pp.5-9.
Mike Murray explains what you need to know about energy transfer during long duration, low intensity exercise.

Morton, A. (2020) ‘Rock climbing: physiological factors affecting performance’, PE Review, 16 (1), pp.26-29.
In an interview with British rock climber and A-level PE student Nathan Whaley, Adam Morton explores some of the key physiological factors affecting performance, which you can relate to your studies.

Snook, A. (2020) ‘Exam focus: muscle fibres’, PE Review, 15 (3), pp.12-15.
Anna Snook provides guidance for this important exam topic.

Thompson, M. (2020) ‘Responses of the body to exercise’, PE Review, 15 (2), pp.12-15.
Mark Thompson explains what you need to know about responses to exercise. All the major exam boards require you to be able to explain how the cardiovascular and respiratory systems change to meet the demands of exercise.

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